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Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and Lok Sabha Election-2019

cab protest

The issue of ‘Citizenship (Amendment) Bill’ has become a crucial factor in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.  Let’s analyse this from the perspective of the indigenous Assamese people.

Right at the beginning, we should be very clear about the difference between ‘opposing the bill’  versus ‘voting against BJP’.

Opposing the bill is correct, but, voting against BJP (because of the bill) may be wrong.

Let’s analyse.

Faced with stiff protests from most of the indigenous people including AGP, AASU and other organizations, BJP has put the bill ‘on hold’. Please note here that BJP ‘listened’ to the people of Assam.

So, if BJP comes to power again in 2019 and wants to implement the bill, the people of Assam can again oppose it and stop its implementation in Assam (ditto for the North-East). In short, the people of Assam and North-East have defeated BJP in this battle. (Note that no other political party won, even though BJP lost!).

But, ‘voting against BJP’ to make them lose in the elections implies that Congress will win the elections!

Will the indigenous people of Assam benefit under Congress rule? Let’s see:

(1) Congress is the party which has been encouraging illegal immigration from Bangladesh for the last 70 years.

(2) Congress party does not ‘listen’ to the people of Assam.  For example,

When in the 1950s, Gopinath Bordoloi had objected to the immigration of Bangladeshis, Nehru had scolded him for that and had forced him (and Assam) to accept the Bangladeshis.

Again, the 1983 elections were forcefully held against the will of the Assamese people.

(3) There has been very little development in Assam during the last 70 years of Congress rule.

(4) In the recent months, Congress has also opposed the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill. But have you noticed what they are really saying about the bill?

Congress is saying that not only the Hindu immigrants but all illegal immigrants up to 2016 should be given Indian Citizenship.

Now, compare that with BJP’s stand. BJP wants to give citizenship to around 7 lakhs of Hindu immigrants, whereas, Congress wants to give citizenship to over 40 lakhs of illegal immigrants.

Both are harmful to the indigenous people of Assam.

But which will be more harmful?

Think about it ……..

Significance of the ASAT Missile test

Mission Shakti

On 27th March 2019, Indian PM Modi announced the successful testing of ASAT missile which destroyed an obsolete satellite orbiting at a height of 300 km.  This has made India only the 4th nation in the world to have acquired this advanced capability.

As expected, the reactions from different people/groups were different. Some hailed it as a great achievement, whereas, some have questioned it. Some opposition parties in India have objected to its timing as elections are just a few weeks ahead. They are saying that this success is not due to Modi (and the BJP govt), it is a success of the scientists who conducted the test. Continuing in the same tune, they are saying that Modi should not have announced the success of the test, instead the scientists should have made the announcement.

Let’s analyse this step-by-step:

What is ASAT Missile?

It is an Anti-Satellite Missile fired from the earth (or elsewhere) to destroy or incapacitate a satellite orbiting the earth.

How sophisticated it is technically?

Very sophisticated.  We can compare it to a situation like this. Say a bullet is fired from a gun. We have to destroy that bullet during its flight by hitting it with another bullet fired from another gun. Is it really possible, you may wonder?

ASAT is comparable to that. It is like hitting a bullet with another bullet.

And a bit more complicated! Because the path of the satellite is circular (not straight), the ASAT is fired from earth which is moving (spinning around its axis, as well as, revolving around the sun) which means ‘inertia of motion’ has also to be considered, etc.

No wonder that only three countries have achieved this before India.

How is this capability beneficial to India?

It will benefit India in many ways.

It has demonstrated the technical capability of India to the world. So, more countries will come forward to get associated with India in the technological fields.

Realizing India’s technical competence, developed countries will offer it more sophisticated items. For example, on 29th March (just 2 days after the announcement by Modi) Russia has offered SU-57 stealth fighter to India, one of the most-sophisticated fighter aircrafts in the world.

The most significant benefit will accrue to our ‘Defence’. This technology can be used to destroy ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) on its flight. Which means that our Missile Defence System will get a boost.

In my opinion, this technological capability has even more significance. This can be used to develop a defence system against ‘satellites used by an enemy country’ and kept in an ever-ready state. In case of a war with that country, we will be able to destroy those satellites (or some of them).  Now, as we all know, modern day weapons like missiles, fighter aircrafts, bombers etc are guided to their destination with help of satellite communications. If those satellites get destroyed, then all these weapons become useless. Our enemy country will have the weapons but will be unable to use them.  See the advantage?

Moreover, the ASAT took just 3 minutes to destroy the satellite (from launch to hit). For satellites at higher orbits, it will take more time, say 10/15 minutes.  Just imagine, if an enemy country attacks us and we destroy their satellites within 15 minutes, the war is already half won! Without their satellites, their armed forces won’t be able to do anything much.

That is why this ASAT capability is a BIG deterrent of war. In fact, it is better than the Nuclear Deterrent. Because you can not actually use Nuclear bombs in a war due to long term threat to mankind, but you can use ASAT which is non-nuclear.

Let me hasten to add that India has not achieved that level of preparedness at present, we have tested our first ASAT just now; it will take many years of development to achieve that.

I think you can see now the tremendous benefits of the ASAT missile test.

Who should have made the announcement: ‘Modi’ or ‘The Scientists’?

It is being said that Indian scientists could have done this test way back in 2012 itself if proper support was given to them both financially and politically. But it was not given by the parties who was in power at that time (i.e. Congress and its allies).

After Modi (and the BJP) came to power in 2014, they extended support to the project to make it a success.

Now, if anything had gone wrong with the test, everyone would have blamed Modi.

So, when it has become a success, why should not Modi get the credit?

Think about it ….

There is another aspect to consider on why Modi made the announcement. I will discuss it later.

Reactions of Different Countries

RUSSIA: Russia congratulated India. Russian press is all-praise for India.

USA: It neither congratulated nor condemned the test. It just showed concern about the debris of the satellite floating around in space. It reaffirmed its commitment to pursue shared interest in space and scientific and technical cooperation with India.

CHINA: China’s reaction was similar to USA. It hopes that each country will uphold peace and tranquillity in outer space.

PAKISTAN: It condemned the test (as expected).


The timing of the announcement

The Opposition’s allegation that the announcement was made just before the elections to gain political mileage.

Why make the announcement at all? The countries who need to know would have come to know anyway!

Well, to understand the above we have to discuss it in detail.

International discussions are going on for the last few decades to implement a ‘non-proliferation treaty’ on weaponization of space, similar to ‘Nuclear non-proliferation treaty’.

Here we have to clearly understand the meaning of ‘non-proliferation’.

When the ‘Nuclear non-proliferation treaty’ was implemented, it did not ban the nuclear weapons. It allowed the countries who had nuclear weapons at that time to keep their nuclear weapons, but restricted other countries from developing nuclear weapons. (The countries who had nuclear weapons could even continue to develop newer nuclear weapons!) That is the meaning of non-proliferation as per the treaty.

At that time, India did not have nuclear weapons and so was barred from developing nuclear weapons. So, India was penalized after the Pokhran nuclear test, and severe restrictions/sanctions were imposed on it. It should be noted that India had the technical capabilities to conduct a nuclear test before the implementation of that nuclear treaty, but the Congress govt under Nehru did not allow it. Had India conducted that nuclear test before the implementation of the treaty, it would not have faced the sanctions!

The ‘non-proliferation’ treaty on weaponization of the space is on similar lines. When it gets implemented, all the countries who possess the capability will continue to possess it whereas the others will be barred from developing it.

That is why India had to conduct the test and demonstrate to the world that it possesses the capability right now. So, even if the non-proliferation treaty comes into effect in the future, India will continue to possess this capability. India will also be free to develop further its ASAT capabilities which it needs to do as we have seen above.

India also needed to put its capability in public knowledge. This is needed for the ‘non-proliferation’ treaty. So, it had to announce the success of the test.

To force the countries to respond to the test, the announcement of the test had to be a major event (and not a low-key affair). Another reason why the announcement was made by Modi, the prime minister of India.  See, when the prime minister of a country like India makes an announcement, all other countries take note.  The event becomes public knowledge globally.

Another objective was to get positive response from the super powers after the test, and not major objections/condemnation. This has also been achieved as we have seen above.

To beat the date of implementation of the expected non-proliferation treaty, India needed to conduct the test as early as possible. After coming to power in 2014, the BJP govt gave full support to the project. It wanted to conduct the test as soon as possible so that India can avoid a repetition of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty where it was left out. That is why when the scientists became ready this time, Modi and BJP gave the green signal to conduct the test. It’s a coincidence that the election is a few weeks ahead.

As for the objection of the opposition including Congress about BJP taking mileage from the test, consider the following:

It is said that the scientists could have conducted the test back in 2012 itself if proper support was given to them. But the Congress govt of that time did not provide the support.  (If they had done that they could have used the mileage themselves and win a few more seats in the 2014 elections!)

Why did not Congress and its allies support such an important program on national security?

That is the big question now!

Is it because they do not have confidence on the capabilities of our scientists?

Is it because they cannot comprehend the importance of such a project?

Is it because Rahul/Sonia and their advisers do not want India to become strong and powerful?

Think about it ……..


Modi Vs Opposition (Mamata_Banerjee factor)

If the ‘Opposition’ comes to power in 2019, Mamata Banerjee will exert considerable influence on the decisions that would be taken by the Opposition to run the country.

So we should compare the performances of  ‘Modi ji’ Vs ‘Mamata didi’  before deciding whom to vote (BJP or Opposition) in the 2019 elections.

Point 1:  Surgical Strike 2

After the Pulwama incident, the whole country wanted proper action against the terrorists and their supporters.  Modi declared that the armed forces has been given the responsibility and they will decide how, when and where to strike.

And our armed forces successfully carried out the Balakot bombing i.e. Surgical Strike 2.

This shows that Modi ji knows the true capability of our armed forces and has full confidence on them.

On the other hand, Mamata Banerjee was asking for proof of the Balakot strike. Even after our armed forces had given out details about the strike, Mamata did not believe it.

This shows that Mamata neither knows the capability of our armed forces nor has confidence on them.

So, if another ‘terror attack’ happens in India in the future, who will take proper retaliatory action against the terrorists and their supporters – ‘Modi ji’ or ‘Opposition’ ?

Think about it ……

Point 2: The Nano car factory of the Tatas

As we all know, the original location for the Nano was Singur in West Bengal.  But Mamata Banerjee had opposed it strongly.  It was so strong that the Tatas had to shift it to Sanand in Gujarat. This was projected as a victory for Mamata, and, her party rode to power in the ensuing elections.

Now let’s analyse this.

When the plant was being built in 2008, Singur was a village/small town. Mamata had objected on the ground that it will not benefit the area and the local people.

In 2008 when the Tatas were looking for an alternative location, Modi ji (then Chief Minister of Gujarat) invited them to Sanand and offered facilities & incentives to set up the factory there. Tatas shifted the factory from Singur to Sanand.

“So, what is the big deal?”, you may think, “the factory got shifted, so what?”

Frankly speaking, even I was thinking like that till a few weeks back. Then I googled! And what have I found?

In 2008, Singur was a village/small town, whereas, Sanand was a village.

Now, when I googled in February 2019, I found that:

  • as per Wikipedia, Singur is a town whereas Sanand is a city. (I don't know how big a city it is, I have written what Wikipedia says.)
  • You may google to check the photos/images of both the places.
  • The photos show that Singur remained as it was, whereas, Sanand has seen tremendous development from 2008 to 2019.
  • Sanand has attracted commitments of billions of dollars from some of world’s largest companies.
  • Sanand has become an industrial hub now with factories of Tata Motors, America’s Ford Motors, Japan’s Hitachi Ltd, India’s Cadila Healthcare etc.
  • Real Estate giants like DLF, Raheja, Parswanath are planning to develop major townships around Sanand.

From the above, it is clear that Singur of West Bengal remained as it was in 2008, whereas, Sanand of Gujarat has developed and progressed by leaps and bounds.

Can you now see what Mamata did to Singur, versus, what Modi did to Sanand?

Now, consider your village, town or city. Won’t you like to see development there?

Whom would you prefer – Modi or Mamata?

That is, Modi or Opposition?

Think about it ……


Easy Topics of Physics for NEET / JEE mains

Hi students,

There are only a few months left for JEE mains and NEET exam. Hope your preparations are going on well.

STUDY SMARTLY: One of the most important points about your preparation is that you should study smartly. First finish the topics that are easier, then the topics of medium difficulty. Only after that study the hard topics if you have the time and the IQ to handle them; else leave them. Remember, you do not need to answer the whole paper to qualify.

In my subsequent posts, I shall tell you which topics are easier, and, which are tough. So keep watching this page!


Easy Topics of Physics

Topic 1: DIMENSIONS (of class 11 syllabus)

Dimensions (or dimensional analysis) is a quite easy topic. Moreover, it is a short topic too.

When you learn it for the first time, you can finish it within a few days. And when you revise, you can finish it in a few hours.

What makes this topic a ‘must-study’ topic is that its concepts are easy and few. And the questions based on it are also uncomplicated. On top of it, there is a 50% chance that a question will come from this topic. [The other 50% chance is for a question from ‘Measurement of errors’.]  

So,  you should finish this topic first in your preparation for NEET or JEE mains.

Blog: NEET 2017 Cutoff Marks

Dated: 17th June 2018:  Counselling for NEET 2018 has started. The students who have cleared NEET 2018 are anxious to find out which medical colleges they may get.

In this scenario, it will be helpful for the students to know what were the cutoff marks for medical colleges in different states under the 'All India Quota' and the 'State Quota' in the year 2017. We have provided the data in a separate page which can be accessed by clicking on the link given below.

Note that the data is for NEET 2017 (last year); the 2018 cutoff marks are expected to be a little lower (say by around 10 marks) this year (i.e. for NEET 2018).

As you all know, in most states 15% of the total seats are under 'All India Quota' and 85% are under 'State Quota'.

Preparing for NEET 2019?

Click to watch a sample class of our online course

Click this link for NEET 2017 cutoff marks....

JEE ADVANCED 2018 PHYSICS Video Solution

I have uploaded in YouTube the video solution of IIT JEE ADVANCED 2018 PHYSICS Paper 1 Question #8. I have explained the solution in details after breaking it down to smaller parts. A must watch for all class 12 students and those preparing for NEET,  IIT JEE or other such entrance exams.

This problem is on 'Doppler's Effect' in sound and 'Beats'. These topics are covered in class 11 (or H.S. 1st year) physics towards the end. So, those who have completed class 11 will find it suitable to watch.

Click this link to watch the video solution on YouTube.

For more questions of JEE Advanced 2018 Physics, click this link.