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Q: Define drift velocity.

Answer: Drift velocity is defined as the average velocity with which the free electrons of a conductor move when an external electric field is applied across the conductor.

It is of the order of 10-4 ms-1.

Q: What is Average Relaxation Time (τ)?

Answer: Average Relaxation Time (τ) is the average time that has elapsed since each electron suffered its last collision with the ions/atoms of the conductor.

Q: What is mean free path?

Answer: When an electron moves through a conductor, it suffers multiple collisions with the ions/atoms of the conductor. The average value of the distances covered between two such collisions is called the mean free path of the electron. 

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